The media said that the "Chongqing model" disappeared after the collapse of Bo Wang
the end of the world in 2012 predicted by the Mayans did not happen, but 2012 was the end of the "Chongqing model"
since Asia Weekly in Hong Kong first introduced the concept of "Chongqing model" in February 2009, in the past two years, "Chongqing model" has become the focus of continuous media attention. Su Wei, a professor of the Party School of the Chongqing municipal Party committee, and others have written books for it, claiming that it "has typical significance for China's future reform"
why did the "Chongqing model" that has been highly publicized collapse? From a series of events in Chongqing in 2012, we can understand the undercurrent behind it
the birth of "Chongqing model"
when it comes to "Chongqing model", we must mention Asia Weekly in Hong Kong. It is they who put forward the concept of "Chongqing model" in a report in February 2009
Chongqing has created a new model to deal with the global financial crisis. This innovative thinking is summarized by the manufacturer's technology department below by Asia Weekly, which is considered as a new path for China to fight the financial crisis. The article published in the journal believes that Chongqing is operating a new economic development mode that changes the extensive mode of "investment and export drive economy" in the early stage of reform and opening up, and is different from the Guangdong mode, the southern Jiangsu mode, the Wenzhou mode, and even the Pudong mode, so it is called the "Chongqing mode"
then, huangqifan, the mayor of Chongqing, explained the "Chongqing model" at another level, that is, a new model of processing trade with "one end inside and one end outside (a large number of parts are produced locally and the main market is overseas)"
with the increasing attention of the "Chongqing model", experts and scholars continue to elaborate. Professor Cui Zhiyuan of Tsinghua University believes that the "Chongqing model" is mainly a new model created by Chongqing that "state-owned assets appreciation and wealth accumulation can go hand in hand", that is, a new model of state-owned enterprise reform and development and a new model of ownership structure in which the state-owned economy and the private economy develop together
of course, many special practices in Chongqing have also been summarized into the category of "Chongqing model", such as "singing red and fighting black", "registered residence reform", "Chongqing public rental housing construction model", and so on
based on these foundations, on October 1, 2010, Su Wei, a professor at the Party School of the CPC Chongqing Municipal Committee, and Yang Fan, a professor at the China University of political science and law, summarized the "Chongqing model" as a set of economic, political, cultural, social and ecological development modes formed by a series of "new policies" implemented by the Chongqing municipal Party committee and government on the basis of the development since the reform and opening up, especially since Chongqing was directly under the central government, after Bo Xilai took charge of Chongqing, And the development path formed thereby. Its main content is based on the overall deployment of "3 China will have a demand of 3million tons in the future 14" as the general outline of all work in Chongqing, the fight against Mafia and evil, singing, preaching, reading, five Chongqing, livelihood orientation and other eight aspects. This makes people see a new Chongqing with rapid economic development, good public security environment and social harmony and stability
at the same time, Chongqing also held several seminars on "Chongqing model" for publicity, and many government dignitaries participated. For example, Xu Ming, Secretary General of Chongqing municipal Party committee and director of the Research Office of Chongqing municipal Party committee, attended the "Chongqing practice and new Asian model seminar" held at Southwest University of political science and law on September 19, 2010. At the meeting, the relevant experience of the "Chongqing model" was discussed in depth
in addition to the seminar held in Chongqing, a high-level seminar called "Chongqing model" was held in Shanghai on November 20, 2010, and Chongqing municipal Party committee specially sent representatives to attend the meeting
with the "Chongqing model" getting more and more attention, Su Wei, Yang Fan and others co authored the book "Chongqing model", vigorously promoting the "Chongqing model", saying that it has typical significance for China's future reform
"Chongqing model" was questioned
"Chongqing model" encountered a change, as sudden as its birth. Doubts about it were also raised in a report
during the "two sessions" in Chongqing in January 2012, an interview group consisting of more than 20 media, including Xinhua news agency, people's government, CCTV, and others, visited Chongqing to interview. On January 10, during the discussion between Bo Xilai, then Secretary of the Chongqing municipal Party committee, and the interview team, the Hong Kong business daily raised a question: "for the 'Chongqing model', someone summarized it as the organic combination of government leadership and market economy. What do you think?"
Bo Xilai replied, "we have never mentioned any 'model'. If there are any characteristics of Chongqing's development, nothing else, it is to follow the requirements of the central government and take a good path of people's livelihood orientation."
according to the available data, this is the first time Bo Xilai denied the "Chongqing model"
however, Su Wei When introducing the personality factors of the "Chongqing model", the book "Chongqing model" co authored by Yang Fan made the following statements: "History is created by the people, and the people are real heroes. But as representatives of the people, outstanding figures also play a unique and huge role in the development of history. Therefore, when it comes to the 'Chongqing model', we can't help but talk about Bo Xilai, who led the party organizations and governments at all levels in Chongqing and the 32million people in Chongqing to create this new model."
the previous day, Bo Xilai only used the word "Chongqing exploration" and avoided mentioning "mode" in his discussion with deputies to the Municipal People's Congress and members of the CPPCC who participated in the "two sessions" of Chongqing
however, the emergence of the word "Chongqing exploration" has given the Communist Party of China a new opportunity to explore. On January 11, the published a review article entitled "Chongqing exploration" is more important than "Chongqing model". The article said: "the mode is easy to fix, and the exploration is endless, more challenging, forward-looking, and more highly and groundbreaking. 12. The range of stress control rate: 0.005% - 6% FS/s"
the word "Chongqing mode", which was born in 2009 and became popular in 2010 and 2011, seems to have been refrigerated overnight
the collapse of the leader
when the conversion of the words "Chongqing exploration" and "Chongqing model" has not attracted much attention, a series of major events have occurred in Chongqing
on February 2, 2012, Chongqing announced that Wang Lijun, the vice mayor of Chongqing, would no longer concurrently serve as the director of Chongqing Public Security Bureau and would be in charge of the work in the field of contact economy as the vice mayor. Previously, Wang Lijun launched a vigorous campaign to "fight against Mafia and evil" in Chongqing, which became one of the eight contents of the "Chongqing model"
on the morning of February 8, the sixth day after Wang Lijun left the post of director of the Public Security Bureau, the Chongqing municipal government office suddenly released a message through its official microblog: "it is reported that Vice Mayor Wang Lijun is currently receiving vacation treatment due to long-term overload, high mental tension and serious physical discomfort."
the news released by Chongqing municipal government failed to stand the test. On February 9, the spokesman Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in response to questions: "Wang Lijun entered the U.S. Consulate General in Chengdu on February 6 and left after staying for one day. The relevant departments are conducting investigations."
after a month, on March 9, at the group discussion of the Chongqing delegation of the national "two sessions", Bo Xilai publicly talked about the "Wang Lijun incident" for the first time. He said that he was "very sad for his negligence in employment, but he will not pay tribute to the majority of users here in their old age because of this incident."
the leaders have not been discouraged, but the central government has responded decisively. On March 14, Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out at the meeting that the Chongqing municipal Party committee and government must reflect on the "Wang Lijun incident". The next day, Bo Xilai was removed from the post of secretary, standing committee member and member of Chongqing municipal Party committeeOn April 10, the Central Committee announced that Bo Xilai had decided to stop serving as a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and a member of the CPC Central Committee for suspected serious violations of discipline, and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection had filed a case against him for investigation
according to the investigation of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, in view of Bo Xilai's mistakes and mistakes in the "Wang Lijun incident" and his wife Bo gukailai's suspected intentional homicide, as well as other violations of discipline and law, Bo Xilai was expelled from the party, dismissed from public office, and transferred to the judicial organ for handling according to law
the "Chongqing model" was declared nonexistent
with the opening of the case of Wang Lijun and the transfer of Bo Xilai to the judicial organ, the "Chongqing model", which once claimed to be "typical of China's future reform", immediately disappeared. Chongqing, once praised as a very beautiful city in the publicity, also frequently exposed scandals during this period, which are related to the "Chongqing model"
the first thing to bear the brunt is "fighting against gangs and evil". After Wang Lijun was sentenced to 15 years in prison for bending the law for selfish ends, defecting, abusing his power and taking bribes, Chongqing Police, who once boasted of "handling cases according to law", were also frequently exposed to extort confessions by torture and create unjust, false and wrong cases. At the same time, the unjust cases of reeducation through labor, such as the "case of a lump of shit" and the "case of Ren Jianyu", which have been exposed successively, have raised doubts about the "safe Chongqing" with a public security index of 96.51%
after the fall of Bo and Wang, Chongqing People's Square, known as Chongqing's "Red Song corner", stopped singing red songs. It was once regarded as one of the symbols of Chongqing's "singing red". Since 2008, it has been a place for Chongqing citizens to gather and practice red songs, and it has also held a red song competition for more than 10000 people. On the streets of Chongqing, the propaganda slogans of "five Chongqing" that were once everywhere have also disappeared. Only in some remote areas can you see the words "livable Chongqing, unimpeded Chongqing, forest Chongqing, safe Chongqing, healthy Chongqing" and so on
everything is changing quietly, but the "Chongqing model" has never appeared again. On November 4, 2012, the seventh plenary session of the 17th CPC Central Committee examined and approved the review report of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection on Bo Xilai's serious disciplinary violations, confirming the punishment of Bo Xilai's expulsion from the party made by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee
4 days later, the main person in charge of the Chongqing municipal Party committee said at the panel discussion of the 18th CPC National Congress: "the so-called Chongqing model, I think there is no Chongqing model at all."